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Additional information relative clauses (2) Unit 92


Unit 92

Additional information relative clauses (2)

Перед тем как ознакомиться с данным уроком,

прочтите Unit 91.

(a) Предлоги + whom / which

В частях с 'дополнительной информацией' вы

можете употреблять предлоги перед словами

whom (о людях) и which (о вещах), то есть

вы можете сказать to whom, with whom,

about which, for which и т.д.:

 

- Mr. Carter, to whom I spoke on the phone last night,

is very interested in our plan.

- Fortunately we had a map, without which we would have got lost.

 

Однако в разговорном английском мы часто ставим

предлог после глагола в уточняющей части

предложения. Когда мы так делаем, то обычно

употребляем who (а не 'whom'):

 

- This is Mr. Carter, who I was telling you about.

- Yesterday we visited the city museum, which I'd never been to before.

 

(b) All of / most of и т.д. + whom / which

Рассмотрите пример:

 

- Jack has three brothers, all of whom are married.

- Ann has a lot of books, most of which she hasn't read.

 

Вы также можете сказать:

 

none of/many of/much of/(a) few of/

some of/any of/half of/each of/

both of/neither of/either of/

one of/two of и т.д.

+ whom (люди)

+ which (предметы)

 

- He tried on three jackets, none of which fitted him.

- Two men, neither of whom I had seen before, came into my office.

 

с Which (но не 'what')

Рассмотрите пример:

 

- Jim passed his driving test, which surprised everybody.

 

В этом примере which = тот факт, что он прошел

тест по вождению. Нельзя употреблять what вместо

which в таких предложениях:

 

- She couldn't come to the party, which was a pity. (а не 'what was a pity')

- The weather was very good, which we hadn't expected.

(а не 'what we hadn't expected')

 

О what смотрите Unit 89c.


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