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The (1) Unit 72


Unit 72

The (1)

О разнице между the и a / an смотри Unit 71.

(a) The... употребляется, когда речь идет о

чём-то существующем в единичном экземпляре.

 

- What is the highest mountain in the world?

- Madrid is the capital of Spain.

- The sun and the moon are planets.

- The only news I like is no news.

 

(b) The используется для:the ground, the sea,

the country, the countryside.

 

- On Saturday the whole family went to the country.

- The ground was wet and dirty.

- The sea looked pale and pink in the sunset.

- I don't want to live near the sea all my life.

 

Но, если речь идет о морском путешествии, то говорят:

go to sea / be at sea,.

 

- In his youth he went to sea. He spent ten years at sea altogether.

 

Сравните: space (а не the space), когда подразумевается

космическое пространство.

- The rocket ship manoeuvred in space.

и:

- I wanted to put the table between the window and the bed but

the space was too small. (а не space)

 

с The используется со словами: the cinema,

the theater, the radio, но television.

 

- We often go to the theater.

- When did you go to the cinema last?

- I don't like television, I prefer to listen to the radio.

But my children watch television day and night.

 

The обычно не употребляется со словами,

обозначающими приёмы пищи.

 

- We had dinner at seven.

- What do you usually have for lunch?

 

A употребляется с самим существительным meal.

 

- Lucy had a meal in restaurant.

- Sometimes I like to go to a restaurant and have a nice meal.


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