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Friday, 2017-11-24, 4:55 AM
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Although / though / even though In spite of / despite Unit 109


Unit 109

Although / though / even though In spite of / despite

 

(a) Рассмотрим ситуацию:

 

В прошлом году Джек и Джилл провели каникулы на море.

Было дождливо, но они остались довольны.

 

Мы можем сказать:

Although it rained a lot, they enjoyed themselves.

(= It rained a lot but they ...)

или: In spite of the rain, they enjoyed themselves.

Despite of the rain, they enjoyed themselves.

 

 

(b) После although мы употребляем конструкцию

подлежащее + сказуемое:

 

- Although she smokes 40 cigarettes a day, she is quite fit.

- Although it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.

- I didn't get the job although I had all the necessary qualifications.

 

После in spite of (или despite) мы употребляем

существительное, местоимение (this/that/what

и т.д.) или -ing:

 

- In spite of the rain, we enjoyed our holiday.

- I didn't get the job despite my qualifications.

- She wasn't well, but in spite of this she went to work.

- Despite what I said last night, I still love you.

- I'm not tired in spite of working hard all day.

 

Отметьте, говорят `in spite of', но despite

(без of).

Можно также сказать in spite of / despite the

fact (that) ...:

 

- In spite of the fact (that) I was tired, I couldn't sleep.

- She's quite fit despite the fact (that) she smokes 40 cigarettes a day.

 

Сравните although и in spite of/despite:

 

- Although the traffic was bad, I arrived on time.

In spite of the traffic, I arrived on time.

- I couldn't sleep although I was very tired.

I couldn't sleep despite being very tired.

 

(c) Иногда мы употребляем though вместо although:

 

- I didn't get the job though I had all the necessary qualifications.

 

В разговорном английском though часто стоит

в конце предложения:

 

- The house isn't very nice. I like the garden though. (= but I like the

garden)

- I see him every day. I've never spoken to him though. (= but I've never

spoken to him)

 

Even though - это более сильная форма слова

although:

 

- Even though I was really tired, I couldn't sleep.


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