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Monday, 2018-01-22, 11:23 AM
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Infinitive or -ing?(1) - like, would like etc. Unit 56


Unit 56

Infinitive or -ing?(1) -

like, would like etc.

(a) Like hate enjoy can't bear dislike love

mind can't stand

 

За этими глаголами и выражениями часто следует

-ingовая форма:

 

- I enjoy being alone. - Ann hates flying.

- Why do you dislike living here? - Tom doesn't mind working at night.

- I don't like people shouting at me.

 

После love и can't bear можно использовать -ing

или to + инфинитив:

 

- I love meeting people. или I love to meet people.

- She can't bear being alone. или She can't bear to be alone.

 

(b) Like

 

Часто неважно, говорите Вы `I like doing' или

`I like to do'. Например, можно сказать:

 

- I like getting up early. или I like to get up early.

 

Обычно говорят `I like doing', когда `like'

подразумевает `enjoy':

 

- Do you like cooking? (= do you enjoy it?)

- I don't like driving. (= I don't enjoy it.)

 

Если `like' не означает `enjoy', употребляется

`I like to do'. I like to do something =

Я считаю, что сделать что-то будет правильным:

 

- I like to wash my hair twice a week.(Это не значит,что мне нравится

это делать, но я полагаю, что делать это нужно.)

- Tom likes to do the washing-up immediately after the meal.

 

(c) За would like следует to + инфинитив:

 

- I would like to be rich.

- Would you like to come to a party?

 

Обратите внимание на различие в значениях

между I like и I would like. I would like

является вежливым способом сказать I want.

Сравните:

 

- I like playing tennis. (= I enjoy it in general)

- I would like to play tennis today. (= I want to play)

 

См. также Unit 31d.

 

Можно использовать to + инфинитив также после

would love / hate / prefer:

 

- Would you prefer to have dinner now or later?

- I'd love to be able to travel round the world.

 

(d) Можно также сказать `I would like to have done

something' (= Мне жаль, что я не сделал или

не смог сделать что-то):

 

- It's a pity we didn't visit Tom. I would like to have seen him again.

- We'd like to have gone on holiday but we didn't have enough money.

 

Аналогичная конструкция возможна после

would love / hate / prefer:

 

- Poor old Tom! I would hate to have been in his position.

- I'd love to have gone to the party but it was impossible.


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