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Verb + preposition + -ing Unit 60


Unit 60

Verb + preposition + -ing

 

(a) Многие глаголы входят в конструкцию

глагол (V) + предлог (P) + дополнение.

Например, talk about:

 

- We talked about the problem. (about это предлог)

 

Если дополнение является глаголом, то он

заканчивается на -ing:

 

- We talked about going to America. (V + P + -ing)

 

Вот несколько глаголов, которые входят в

конструкцию V + P + -ing:

 

succeed in

Has Tom succeeded

in

finding a job yet?

feel like (*)

I don't feel

like

going out tonight.

think about/of

Are you thinking

of/about

buying a house?

dream of

I've always dreamed

of

being rich.

approve/disapprove of

She doesn't approve

of

gambling.

look forward to

I'm looking forward

to

meeting her.

insist on

He insisted

on

buying me a drink.

decide against

We decided

against

moving to London.

apologise for

He apologised

for

keeping me waiting.

 

(*) I feel like doing = Мне хотелось бы сделать, я склонен

сделать.

 

Говорят `apologise to someone for something':

- He apologised to me for keeping me waiting. (а не `he apologised me')

 

Некоторые глаголы входят в конструкцию

глагол + предлог + кто-либо + -ing.

Например:

 

- We are all looking forward to Peter coming home.

- She doesn't approve of her son staying out late at night.

- They insisted on me (или my) staying with them. (Смотри Unit 35c.)

 

(b) Эти глаголы входят в конструкцию

глагол + дополнение + предлог + -ing:

 

accuse

They accused

me

of

telling lies.

suspect

Did they suspect

the man

of

being a spy?

congratulate

I congratulated

Ann

on

passing the exam.

prevent

What prevented

him

from

coming to the wedding?

stop

We stopped

everyone

from (*)

leaving the building.

thank

I thanked

her

for

being so helpful.

forgive

Please forgive

me

for

not writing to you.

warn

They warned

us

against

buying the car.

 

(*) После stop можно опускать from. Таким образом, Вы можете

сказать:

 

- We stopped everyone leaving (или from leaving) the building.

 

Некоторые из этих глаголов часто используются в

страдательном залоге:

 

- I was accused of telling lies.

- Was the man suspected of being a spy?

- We were warned against buying it.


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