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Adjectives and adverbs (2) (good/well, fast/hard/late, hardly) Unit 97


Unit 97

Adjectives and adverbs (2) (good/well, fast/hard/late, hardly)

 

(a) Good/well

Good - является прилагательным. Наречие - well:

 

- Your English is very good. You speak English well.

- Susan is a good pianist. She plays the piano well.

 

Мы часто употребляем well с причастием

(dressed/known и т.д.):

 

well-dressed (но не `good dressed') well-known well-educated

 

Однако, well бывает также прилагательным со

значением `в хорошем здравии':

 

- `How are you now?' `I'm very well, thanks.' (но не `I'm very good')

 

(b) Fast/hard/late - эти слова - и прилагательные,

и наречия:

прилагательное наречие

 

He is a hard man to please. Children like hard-boiled eggs.

She travels by fast trains only. Don't speak so fast!

You are late, as usual. He got up late in the evening.

 

Наречие lately = недавно:

 

- Have you been to the cinema lately?

 

(c) Hardly имеет значение полностью отличное

от hard:

Hardly = почти не. Изучим примеры:

 

- I'm so tired,I can hardly walk. (=I'm so tired,I can walk but only with a lot of difficulty.)

- I hardly know her. (=I almost don't know her)

 

Мы часто употребляем hardly с can/could.

 

- Your writing is terrible. I can hardly read it. (= I can read it but

only with a lot of difficulty)

- My leg was hurting me. I could hardly walk.

 

Мы также употребляем hardly с

any/anyone/anything/anywhere:

 

- Hardly anybody came to the meeting .(= very few people came to the

meeting.)

- Hardly ever = almost never.

 

Отметьте, что можно сказать:

 

- She ate hardly anything. или She hardly ate anything.

- We've got hardly any food. или We've hardly got any food.

 

Hardly ever = почти никогда:

 

- I'm nearly always at home in the evenings. I hardly ever go out.


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