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Monday, 2017-09-25, 7:47 PM
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To + infinitive after adjectives Unit 100


Unit 100

To + infinitive after adjectives

 

(a) Сравните эти два предложения:

 

 

Jim doesn't speak very clearly.

A It is difficult to understand him.

 

B He is difficult to understand.

Смысл предложений A и B одинаков. Однако отметьте, мы говорим `He is difficult to understand.'

(но не `He is difficult to understand him.')

 

Вы можете употреблять конструкцию предложения

B после difficult/easy/impossible/hard и

некоторых других прилагательных:

 

- It is not easy to get along with her daughter.

- He is impossible to talk to.

- They were a lovely couple to see.

 

Вы также можете использовать эту конструкцию

после прилагательное + существительное:

 

- This is a very difficult question to answer. (но не `... to answer it')

- Jill is an interesting person to talk to.

- I enjoyed the football match. It was an exciting game to watch.

 

(b) Мы употребляем to + infinitive после

the first/the second/the third и т.д.,

а также после the next и the last:

 

- Gagarin was the first man to travel in a spacecraft.

- Why am I always the last to get the news?

 

(c) Вы можете употреблять конструкцию

to + infinitive после ряда прилагательных,

чтобы сказать, как кто-то относится к чему-то.

Например:

 

- I am glad to see you.

- The doctors are pleased to inform you about new toothpaste.

 

Другие прилагательные, которые можно употреблять

подобным образом:

 

happy

delighted

disappointed

amazed

sorry

sad

relieved

astonished

 

(d) Отметьте, конструкция - (it is) nice of

someone to do something. Такая конструкция

возможна после ряда прилагательных, включая:

 

nice

mean

silly

polite

generous

kind

stupid

clever

careless

 

 

- How kind of you to let me come!

- It is very generous of this old lady to share her money with us.


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