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School / the school, prison / the prison etc. Unit 75


Unit 75

School / the school, prison / the prison etc.

 

(a) Рассмотрите пример со словом prison:

 

Jack robbed a bank.

He was caught by the police.

He is in prison now.

His wife Jill goes to the prison to visit him.

She was in the prison yesterday.

Кто-то садится в тюрьму (to prison) или находится

в ней (in prison), если он преступник. Но Jill не

преступница. Она не в тюрьме (in prison). Jill

ходит туда в качестве посетителя (там находится

ее муж).

 

(b) Следующие слова употребляются по такому же

принципу: hospital university school church

 

Мы говорим, что преступник отправился

to prison (но не 'to the prison'). Ребенок

ходит to school, студент to university. Мы

не употребляем the, когда имеем в виду эти

места как общие понятия, то, для чего они

предназначены.

Сравните:

 

общее понятие мест

конкретное место

I left school and went to university. (как студент)

This lady goes to church every day.

(на службу)

Jack had a heart attack.

He is in hospital now.

(как пациент)

Will you show me the university?

(само строение)

We went to the church to take a photo.

Jack’s daughter is at the hospital.

(как посетитель)

 

Запомните: in prison и at school/ university / college.

Со словом сhurch возможно употреблять оба предлога:

in church и at church.

 

с bed work home

 

go to bed / to be in bed и т.д.(а не `the bed'):

 

- Go to bed at once! - Are the children all in bed?

 

Но:

 

- Put the book on the bed. (a particular place)

 

to work / be at work / start work / finish work и т.д. (а не 'the work' ):

 

- Why don’t you go to work? - What time does he start work?

 

go home / come home / be at home / stay at home

и т.д. (а не 'the home'):

 

- Let's stay at home. - Are you going home?

 

В выражениях go/come/get home НЕ ставится предлог

(неправильно to home), но возможны выражения:

arrive home и arrive at home .


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