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Relative clauses (3) - whose, whom and where Unit 90


Unit 90

Relative clauses (3) - whose, whom and where

(a) Whose

 

Мы употребляем whose в уточняющих частях

предложения вместо his/her/their:

 

we saw some people

their

car had broken down

 

 

We saw some people

whose

car had broken down.

 

Чаще всего мы употребляем whose, когда

говорим о людях:

 

- A widow is a woman whose husband is dead. (her husband is dead)

- What's the name of the girl whose car you borrowed? (you borrowed

her car)

- The other day I met someone whose brother I went to school with.

(I went to school with his brother)

 

(b) Употребление whom вместо who возможно, когда

оно выступает дополнением к глаголу в

уточняющей части предложения (как в

предложениях Unit 89):

 

- The man whom I wanted to see was away on holiday.

(I wanted to see him)

 

Вы также можете употреблять whom с предлогами

(to/from/with whom и т.д.):

 

- The girl with whom he fell in love left him after a few weeks. (he

fell in love with her)

 

Однако мы редко употребляем whom. В разговорном

английском who и that более предпочтительны.

(Или же Вы можете вообще опустить их

- см.Unit 89):

 

- The man (who/that) I wanted to see ...

- The girl (who/that) he fell in love with ...

 

О whom см. также Unit 91 и Unit 92.

 

(c) Where

 

Когда уточняющая часть предложения говорит о

местонахождении, Вы можете употребить where:

 

the hotel - we stayed

there

- wasn't very clean

 

 

- The hotel

where

we stayed wasn't very clean.

 

- I recently went back to the town where I was born. (или `the town

(that) I was born in')

- I would like to live in a country where there is plenty of sunshine.

 

(d) Мы употребляем that (или опускаем его), когда

говорим the day/the year/the time (и т.д.):

 

- Do you still remember the day (that) we first met?

- The last time (that) I saw her, she looked very well.

- I haven't seen them since the year (that) they got married.

 

(e) Вы можете сказать the reason why something

happens или the reason that something happens.

Вы также можете опустить why и that в этих

предложениях:

 

- The reason (why/that) I'm phoning you is to invite you to a party.


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