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Prepare For IELTS
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:38 AM | Message # 91
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part 6 continued
33 Which of the following descriptions best describes passive smoking?
(a) smoking but not inhaling very deeply
(b) breathing in smoke breathed out by other smokers
© breathing in smoke either exhaled by other smokers or simply from their burning cigarettes
(d) giving up smoking
34. How many successful passive smoking workers' compensation claims have there been in Australia?
(a) none
(b) 8,000
© at least seven
35. Passive smoking can cause which of the following effects?
(a) increased risk of lung cancer
(b) eye irritation
© coughing and headaches
(d) greater risk of heart attacks
(e) all of the above
36. 'Airconditioning safely removes the pollutants produced by smoking from a typical building." Is this statement:
(a) supported in the reading passage
(b) contradicted in the reading passage
© not mentioned in the reading passage
37. 'People who smoke have fewer accidents than people who don't smoke.' Is this statement:
(a) supported in the reading passages
(b) contradicted in the reading passages
© not mentioned in the reading passages
38. Insurance policies for non-smokers and ex-smokers are often:
(a) cheaper than for smokers
(b) more expensive than for smokers
This is the end of the reading test
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:39 AM | Message # 92
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The answers to the reading questions are in Chapter 7, beginning on page 162.

Write your answers to the reading practice tests in the boxes below.
 You may cut out this page to mate it easier to use.

Answer Sheet
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IS 35
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20 40
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:40 AM | Message # 93
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This page has been deliberately left blank.

 Test Number 2
 Writing
Writing Task 1
Most people today are aware that smoking, although perfectly acceptable a few years ago, is now known to do great damage to a person's health and to cost industry and governments a great deal in lost wages and health expenses.
Write a brief description of some of the dangers of smoking both
for smokers and non-smokers.
*You should write at least 80 words.
*Do not write in note form; use sentences.
*You may use information from the reading passages but do not copy directly from them.
*You should spend about 15 minutes on this task.
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:40 AM | Message # 94
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This page has been deliberately left blank.

 Test Number 2
 Writing
Writing Task 1
Most people today are aware that smoking, although perfectly acceptable a few years ago, is now known to do great damage to a person's health and to cost industry and governments a great deal in lost wages and health expenses.
Write a brief description of some of the dangers of smoking both for smokers and non-smokers.
*You should write at least 80 words.
*Do not write in note form; use sentences.
*You may use information from the reading passages but do not copy directly from them.
*You should spend about 15 minutes on this task.
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:40 AM | Message # 95
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Remember there are model answers to all the writing tasks for each practice writing test in Chapter 7.

 Test Number 3
 Reading
Parti. Union Buys Student Accommodation
Read the following passage and answer Questions 1-3 below.
The Union at the University of Technology, Sydney, has taken a,lcap)nto the student accommodation business by purchasing a boarding house in Chippendale'for use by students.
The building, on the corner of City Road and Myrtle Street, cost $1.1 million. Some renovations arc needed, however, before students can move in from the beginning of the 1990 Spring semester.
The Union's aim is to provide accommodation at a reasonable cost lo students in most need of it, such as younger students whose home is not in the metropolitan area.
Question 1-3
Choose the correct answer and write the letter in the box on the Answer Sheet.
1. Which statement is true?
(a) the building has been rented by the University of Technology
(b) the building cost $1.1 million
© the building is for the use of academic staff
2. The building is:
(a) in need of some renovations
(b) ready for students to move in immediately
3. The students who will have most need of accommodation in the new building are:
(a) students whose parents live in Sydney
(b) students whose parents do not live in Sydney
© students who would like to live in the suburb of Chippendale
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:40 AM | Message # 96
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Part 2. University Library Guide for Students
Read the following information and answer Questions 4 - 12 on page 115.
Campus Libraries
There are five libraries in the University of Technology, Sydney, each on different campuses, and each having different collections.

Ilulmuin lower is outside the Library's four floors of concave
The design Library al Ualmain contains reference male- walls which reflect a busy urban landscape during the
rials, books, periodicals and audiovisual material in the day and become a brightly lil stage set of readers and
areas ofinduslrial and inlerior design, costume, fashion, book stacks at night.
textiles, graphic design and illustration, photography The major holdings of the Markets Library are in the
and computer graphics as well as the collection of Syd- following subject areas: Adult Education, Architecture,
ney College of the Arts. Building, Business, Computer Studies, Economics, En-
gineering, Film, Humanities, Mathematics, Science and
Kuring-gai Social Sciences.
The name 'Kuring-gai' reflects the aboriginal word
'Kuringgai' or 'Guringai', believed to be a generic term North Shore - Gore Hill
for Iribes along the eastern coast from Port Jackson, The Gore Hill Library is on Level 4 of the Dunbar
north beyond the Mawkesbury River and west to the Building in Wcslbourne Street, Gore I lill. This Library's
I.ane Cove River. collections arc principally in the areas of Life Sciences
The collection of the George Muir Library at Kuring-gai and Nursing.
is broad and particular areas of interest are Family
History, Business, leisure, Tourism and Information North Shore - St Leonards
Studies as well as the Curriculum Library which caters Part of the facilities at St Ixonards are a Central Library,
for Teacher Education. practice court rooms equipped with audiovisual equip-
ment, a large lecture theatre and small group training
Markets rooms. The Library at St l^conards caters for the needs
The Markets Library, City Campus, is in the I laymarkel of students undertaking practical legal training. The
on the comer of Quay Street and Ultimo Road, with the College of Law is an affiliated School within UTS.
entrance lo the library in Quay Street. A restored bell
Loan Conditions and Periods
A summary of the loan conditions at all libraries of UTS is as follows:
Academic Staff: 8 week loan, one renewal, one week recall. Loan limit: 99 items
Research Degree Students: 4 week loan, one renewal, one week recall. Loan limit: 50 items
Undergraduate /Postgraduate Diploma Students: 2 week loan, no renewal, one week recall. Loan limit: 10 items
Special Conditions - Balmain: Loan conditions at Balmain vary from those throughout the rest of UTS as the Library is administratively within Sydney College of the Arts. The loan period is two weeks with one renewal and the maximum number of loans is six.
Higher Degree Students: Students who are undertaking a higher degree are eligible for - reciprocal borrowing rights at the other metropolitan universities and for inter-library loans, both privileges normally unavailable to undergraduate students. For further information contact the Information Desk.
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:41 AM | Message # 97
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part 2. University Library Guide for Students
Questions 4-12
Select the particular Library within the libraries of the University of Technology that has the best collection for a student studying the subjects below. Write the name of the Library in the box on the Answer Sheet. The first one has been done as an example.

Example: Graphic Design


Ex Balmain

4. Tourism
5. Law
6. Nursing
7. Economics
5. Fashion
According to the library information, are the following statements True or False? Write True or False in the box on the Answer Sheet. The first one has been done as an example.
Example: All libraries in the UTS network have the same loan conditions.

Ex False
9. Undergraduate students can get inter-library loans.
10. Undergraduates may borrow books for two weeks with no renewal period.
11. Research Degree students may borrow books for four weeks and may renew the loan once.
12. There is no limit on the number of books that may be borrowed by Postgraduate Diploma students.
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:41 AM | Message # 98
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Part 3. Don't Risk A Life Sentence
Read, the following text and answer Questions 13 - 21 on page 117.

In a recession atmosphere, the need for security grows, while for newly skilled computer programmers the job
and many school leavers will soon make, or be outlook is now 'in balance'.
tempted to make, career choices on ihe basis of job
security and labour shortages. Newly skilled secretaries will find that supply slightly-
exceeds demand. —
That is natural, but while they should take note of the
stale of the labour market in various occupations, they Hospitality Trades: With 30,000 people in this work-
shouldn't go into a safe career in which they will spend force in NSW, there is still a strong demand even though
a life sentence of job dissatisfaction, say job market the tourist boom has weakened. There is a shortage of
experts. pastrycooks and m inor shortages of newcomers to other
occupations such as chef/cook, hotel/motel manager and
On the other hand, they should not be swayed by the formal service waiter.
glamour of some professions, such as mcdicineand law,
when they would be far happier in, say,~erigirieering — Science: New graduates in materials science and met-
a discipline which has long suffered an image problem allurgy are in short supply, while environmental scien-
but which has strong openings and very satisfying career tists are in ovcrsupply.
prospects.
Teaching: In a workforce of 96,000, the overall labour
Despite the recession, job experts predict job opportuni- market has moved to a balance, partly due to a drop in
ties for young people will slay bright because fewer of student numbers and to government cuts. But shortages
them arc entering the skilled workforce due to a fall in persist in rural areas and in specialisations such as maths
the birthrate in Australia and to longer average lime and science. * *
spent in education.
Engineering: There is an oversupply of newly skilled
There arejob openings for new, skilled entrants in scores aeronautical engineers but a minor shortage of new
of fields according to a new study by Ihe Information electronics engineers and civil engineers.
Analysis Branch of the Department of Employment, - • .
Education and Training (DEET). For students looking at TAFE qualifications, a TAFE
spokesperson listed occupations in which new graduates
Mere are some of the conclusions from the study: are in strong demand.
Health: Involves 80,000 professionals in NSW. Most These include computer-aided drafting, electronics,
fields have some degree of shortage except for general computing (programming and systems analysis), hospi-
medical practitioners and social workers. There is a tality (pastrycook and skilled chefs), sheelmctal and flat
shortage of medical records administrators, specialist nurses, resident medical officers, dietitians, proslhctists, glass trades, aircraft maintenance engineering, secretarial work and plumbing.
physiotherapists and radiographers.
Young people should also consider wastage rates in
DEET points out that the health care needs of Austra- various professions in ascertaining likely job and mone-
lians will continue to increase, although publicly funded tary satisfaction.
care will be limited by budgetary constraints.
Wastage rates arc higher in trades than in professions
Business Professions: This is a very big area, employ- and para-professionst according to the DEET report. It
ing 180,000 in NSW, but the economic downturn has shows at least half of trained clothing and textile, aircraft
moderated the previous strong demand for profession- and boilermaking tradespcrsons leave their occupations
als. There is a minor shortage of new enrant to ac- before retirement, compared with only 20 per cent of
countancy, an area that employs up to 40,000 in the state, dentists and doctors.
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:41 AM | Message # 99
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Part 3. Don't Risk A Life Sentence
Questions 13 - 21
Read the passage on page 116. Listed below are some of the occupations mentioned.
According to the information in the passage, if there are not enough qualified people and therefore plenty of positions available for job-seekers in that field, write S for Shortage in the box in the Answer Sheet. If there are too many qualified people and therefore not enough positions available, write O for Oversupply. The first one has been done as an example.
Example: social workers

Ex O

Occupation
13. dietitians
14. specialist nurses
15. pastrycooks
16. metallurgists
17. teachers in rural areas
18. newly skilled secretaries
19. systems analysts
20. plumbers
21. newly skilled aeronautical engineers
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:43 AM | Message # 100
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Part 4. UTS Student Loan Fund
Read the following passage and answer. Questions 22 - 28 on page 119.
The guidelines set down by the government which cover administration of the 'Student Loan Fund" are complex. We have simplified them so that students have only to demonstrate a need to borrow money to further their academic career.
If you demonstrate a capacity to repay, your loan will normally be interest free.
If you have financial needs that you cannot meet from any other sources, come to Student Services and ask for an application form. At the same time make an appointment to see the Student Welfare Officer. You must bringyour application form filled out with as much information as you are able to supply.
Normally, the maximum amount that you may borrow is $500 but in exceptional circumstances, and with supporting documentation, the Student Loan Committee will lend up to $1000. The repayment period for a $500 loan is up to nine months and up to eighteen months for $1000.
If you have repayment difficulties, you must make an appointment with the Student Welfare Officer to submit an application to the Student Loan Committee requesting an extension of time on your repayment period. Normally you will be expected to have repaid at least 50 per cent of what you have borrowed before an extension will be granted.
Non-payment of your loan by an agreed repayment time could result in your being charged 15 per cent interest, having your examination results stopped, being unable to enrol further, or being unable to graduate. As a last resort you may also be reported and listed as a UTS debtor with the Credit Reference Association
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:43 AM | Message # 101
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Part 4- UTS Student Loan Fund
Questions 22 - 26
Read the passage on the previous page. Use the information in the passage to answer the following questions in the boxes on the Answer Sheet. The first one has been done as an example.
Example: Can you borrow money from the Student Loan Fund to buy anew car?
(Yes/No)

Ex No
22. If you prove that you will be able to repay the loan from the Student Loan Fund, do you normally have to pay interest on it? (Yes / No)
23. How much is the maximum loan in normal circumstances?
24. How long is the maximum repayment period for a loan of $1000?
25. How much of your loan should you have repaid before you can get an extension of your loan repayment period?
26. If you do not repay your loan by an agreed repayment time, will you still receive your examination results? (Yes / No)
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:44 AM | Message # 102
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Part 5. What Australians Are Like and How To Get To Know Them
The following passage is from a handbook for overseas students in Australia. It contains both information and suggestions to help overseas students become accustomed to life in Australia. Read the passage and answer Questions 27 - 36 on page 122.
Conversation Many Australian women seek the same rights, status and
opportunities as men. They have responsible jobs and
Do not be worried if you arc not fluent in the English
language. Your hosts will understand this and if they it is common for women to continue to work after they
are married. There is great informality ;n social relation-
speak too fast, ask them to speak a little more slowly. ships between men and women. Many young women"
Meeting an Australian family is a very good way to leave Ihcir parents' home before they marry, lo live on
improve your English and the more you speak the Eng- their own or with friends of either sex. Women have
lish language the more fluent you will become. great freedom in the way they dress but this does not
suggest that they have loose morals.
Some questions arc never asked in Australia unless you
know the person very well or you arc related to them. Directness: Discussing issues, events and ideas openly
For example: with other individuals is considered quite proper in
Never ask a woman, especially an older woman, her Australia. Australians arc also quick lo gel lo the point,
.age. ^
Never ask men or women how much money they earn particularly in business situations. They do not spend a
,Iol of time on polite social talk, as do many other
at their jobs. nationalities.
Questions about the cost of a person's house, ;lhe land) Informality: In most cases, young Australians avoid
on which the house is built, and the cost of the various elaborate social rituals. Australians are not without
items in the home arc considered impolite in Australia. polite forms, but they tend lo be casual and informal
If you would like lo know the cost of a particular item, most of the time. This is due more to a lack of concern
ask the question in a non-personal way. For example, for social ceremony, rather than a lack of respect.
you could say 'How much does the average house cost '
in Perth?' This type of question is quite acceptable to Punctuality: You are expected to be 'on time' —
your host and will not cause embarrassment. punctual — in Australia. If you cannot avoid being late
and you have not telephoned, you may find the person
Humour you are meeting lo be abrupt and even unpleasant. Most
concerts, lectures, church services, etc begin on time.
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:44 AM | Message # 103
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The national characteristics of equality and informality
arc reflected in Australian humour, much of which is Asking Questions: Australians ask a lot of questions,
directed against those people who give the impression usually because the person is sincerely interested in you
that they consider themselves superior. TeasingYor and in learning about your country and culture and in
'rubbishing' as it is sometimes called) is also a favorfritc trying to find out what you are like. Remember, Austra-
paslimc and if spoken in a joking way, it is an indication lian students here may not know much about your coun-
that you are liked and accepted by (he persons concerned. try or way of life.
Some Characteristics of Australians Customs and Culture
Individuality: Many Australians want lo be treated as Australia, as every country of the world, has its own set
individuals, rather than as rcprcscnlntives of a certain of customs and its own pallcm of behaviour. These are
class or position or group. This independence and indi- things most Australians know and might not Ihink to tell
viduality tends to make Ihcm suspicious of authority. you. Below are a few notes to guide you in practical
Their basic concept of govcmmcnl is thai it exists to situations.
serve them, not the other way around.
Greetings: Women and men usually shake hands
Equality: Australians grow up believing thai people (firmly) the first lime they meet. 'How do you do',
should have equal social, legal and political rights. The 'Good morning' and 'Good afternoon' are formal greet-
Australian Constitution protects the equal rights of indi- ings. Usually students and young people just say ' Hello'
viduals and recent anti-discrimination laws seek tonre- or 'Hi'. People often appreciate it if you add their name:
vcnt discrimination on the basis of race, gender and e.g. 'Hi Peter'. And they really do say 'G'day'.
marital status. J
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:44 AM | Message # 104
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Parts continued

Social Invitations: Australians believe lhat invitations 'Thank you' is a phrase used often in Australia. Even
should be answered as soon as possible. On a written invitation, 'RSVP' means 'Please reply', and you should for small favours done by a person who is only doing his or her job (as a clerk in a store) it is customary lo say
do so as soon as you know whether or not you will attend. 'thank you'.
H js also wise to get the family's telephone number, in
order to call and notify them if you must change your The use of names: Here are a few guidelines on the use
plans or are delayed. of names:
Under normal circumstances a person who extends an • First names are more readily used in Australia than
invitation to you and takes you to a restaurant or a theatre in other countries. It is acceptable automatically to use
pays for the meal and/or tickets. However, since stu- the first name of someone of approximately your same
dents arc often short of money, an invitation may merely age and status or younger.
mean, 'We'd enjoy it if you joined us', suggesting lhat
you would be cxpecjedjo pay your way. If you are in • A man or woman older than yourself is often ad-
doubt, ask. 'Dutch (realtor 'Dutch' means lhat each dressed as Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms until the individual
person pays his or her own way. requests lhat you use his or her first name, or until you
get lo know the individual better.
You may receive an invitation to a barbecue or another
meal and be asked 'to bring your ownstcak'. Thissccms • Some Australian women prefer the new form of
strange to most overseas students (and to some Austra- address, 'Ms' (pronounced 'Mizz'). Ms is used for both
lians) but it is an acceptable way to entertain. Purchase single and married women and replaces Miss or Mrs.
a steak at the supermarket (they come neatly packaged), Ms is an acceptable form of address if you do not know
put it in a bag and give it to the person who greets you if a woman is single or married.
when you arrive at the party. If you arc asked to 'bring
a plate' this means bring a plate of food as a contribution to the meal — doa'l just bring an empty plate! Groups • Men and women will be confused if you use Mr, Mrs,
Miss or Ms with a first name, as is the custom in some
often have 'potluck* Cuppers. Everyone brings a pre- countries. These titles are used with the last or family
pared cooked dish, salad or dessert and everyone's con- name. Thus it is wrong lo say 'Miss Barbara'.
tribution is put on the (able. A special dish from your
own country would be greatly appreciated at a potluck • If you have any doubls about what to call someone,
meal. simply ask, 'Whal shall I call you?' If people seem
unsure what lo call you, tell Ihcm Ihc name you prefer.
 
BakhtiyorDate: Sunday, 2012-06-10, 11:44 AM | Message # 105
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Saying thank you: It is always polite lo send a thank
you nolc to your hostess. It is not necessary lo take a ^ The use of 'nicknames' is very common in Australia.
gift to your hostess, especially if you go only for dinner A nickname is not the person's real name but a name
or a short stay. If you are invited lo a party celebrating given him by his friends (usually). Someone whose
someone's birthday, or for Christmas, lake a small gift. name is Andrew for instance might be given the nick-
It is never necessary lo give an expensive gift, but a small name 'Andy'. Being called by a nickname is not uncom-
souvenir from your country would be received with delight. plimentary; it is often a sign of acceptance and affection.
 
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