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Monday, 2019-12-09, 7:13 PM
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Conditionals Unit 38


Unit 38

If and wish sentences (past)

(a) Изучите следующую ситуацию:

 

 

Last month Mary didn't feel well. Ted didn't know this, so he didn't go to see her. After Mary got better they met again.

 

Ted said:

 

- If I had known that you

were ill, I would have

visited you.

В прошлом месяце Мэри

плохо себя чувствовала.

Тэд не знал об этом,

поэтому не навестил ее.

Они встретились снова,

когда Мэри выздоровела.

Тэд говорит:

 

If I had known...

(Если бы я знал)

 

Когда вы говорите о прошлом, используйте

past perfect (I had done/I had been/I had known

и т.д.) после if.

 

- If I had known you were in Paris, I would have shown

you the city. (но я не видел тебя)

- I would have gone out with you if I hadn't had so much work.

(но у меня было слишком много работы)

- If he had been looking where he was going, he wouldn't have walked into

the wall. (но он не был внимательным)

 

Никогда не употребляйте would (have) в условной

(if) части предложения:

 

- If I had met you yesterday, I would have invited you to the party.

(а не `if I would have met')

 

Как would так и had могут быть сокращены до 'd:

 

- If I'd met (= had met) you, I'd have invited (= would have invited)

you to the party

 

(b) Вы также должны использовать past perfect

(I had done) после wish, когда вы сожалеете

о чем-то, что случилось (или не случилось) в

прошлом:

 

- I wish I had known that Tim was ill. I would have come to see him.

(I didn't know that he was ill.)

- I feel sick. I wish I hadn't eaten fish for dinner. (I ate fish.)

- Do you wish you had studied maths instead of languages?

(You didn't study maths.)

- The weather was terrible. We wish it had been warmer. (It wasn't warm.)

 

Никогда не используйте would have после wish:

 

- We wish it had been warmer. (не `would have been')

 

(c) Would have (done) - это форма прошедшего

времени от would (do):

 

- If she had gone to the party yesterday, she would be tired now.

(она не усталая сейчас - present.)

- If she had gone to the party yesterday, she would have seen us.

(она не видела нас - past.)

 

Вместо would have можно использовать

might have и could have:

 

- If we'd trained harder, we might have won. (= perhaps we would have won)

- We could have gone out if it hadn't been raining. (= we would

have been able to go out)

 

Об if предложениях и wish см.Unit 36,Unit 37, и Unit 39.


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