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Monday, 2019-06-17, 12:15 PM
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Verb + object + infinitive Unit 55


Unit 55

Verb + object + infinitive

(a) Want ask expect wish should/would

like hate advise recommend allow

permit help и т.д.

После таких глаголов можно употреблять две

конструкции:Глагол + to + Инфинитив и

Глагол + Дополнение + to + Инфинитив:

 

Проанализируйте следующие предложения:

 

- I want to read this book immediately. = I'll do it myself.

- I want you to read this book immediately. = You'll do it.

- She would like to go to the concert. = She will do it herself.

- She would like me to go to the concert. = I will do it.

 

Будьте особенно внимательны, когда употребляете

глагол want. Вы не можете сказать: want that...

C глаголом help инфинитив может употребляться

как с частицей to, так и без нее:

 

- He helped me to translate the article.

- I helped him type the article.

 

(b) Tell remind force anable persuade order warn

invite teach (how) get (=persuade).Эти

глаголы требуют такую конструкцию:

Глагол + Дополнение + to + Инфинитив:

 

- He warned me not to touch anything.

- Remind me to phone Ann tomorrow.

 

А вот пример на страдательный залог:

 

- I was warned me not to touch anything.

 

В приведенных конструкциях нельзя использовать

 

suggest (см.также Unit 35c):

 

- Tom suggested that I bought a car.

( а не Tom suggested that I bought a car.)

 

с Однако, с некоторыми глаголами инфинитив

используется без частицы to:

 

see hear watch observe notice feel let make

 

В пассивном залоге глагол make употребляется

с частицей to:

 

- I did not want to do it, but I was made to type this letter.

 

Просмотри эти примеры:

 

- We expect you to win.

- She made me cry.

- They want us to help them.

- The parents do not let the boy join his friends.

- Would you like me to go now?

- I saw her enter the room.

- We heard him tell her everything.


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