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Relative clauses (3) - whose, whom and where Unit 90

Unit 90

Relative clauses (3) - whose, whom and where

(a) Whose


Мы употребляем whose в уточняющих частях

предложения вместо his/her/their:


we saw some people


car had broken down



We saw some people


car had broken down.


Чаще всего мы употребляем whose, когда

говорим о людях:


- A widow is a woman whose husband is dead. (her husband is dead)

- What's the name of the girl whose car you borrowed? (you borrowed

her car)

- The other day I met someone whose brother I went to school with.

(I went to school with his brother)


(b) Употребление whom вместо who возможно, когда

оно выступает дополнением к глаголу в

уточняющей части предложения (как в

предложениях Unit 89):


- The man whom I wanted to see was away on holiday.

(I wanted to see him)


Вы также можете употреблять whom с предлогами

(to/from/with whom и т.д.):


- The girl with whom he fell in love left him after a few weeks. (he

fell in love with her)


Однако мы редко употребляем whom. В разговорном

английском who и that более предпочтительны.

(Или же Вы можете вообще опустить их

- см.Unit 89):


- The man (who/that) I wanted to see ...

- The girl (who/that) he fell in love with ...


О whom см. также Unit 91 и Unit 92.


(c) Where


Когда уточняющая часть предложения говорит о

местонахождении, Вы можете употребить where:


the hotel - we stayed


- wasn't very clean



- The hotel


we stayed wasn't very clean.


- I recently went back to the town where I was born. (или `the town

(that) I was born in')

- I would like to live in a country where there is plenty of sunshine.


(d) Мы употребляем that (или опускаем его), когда

говорим the day/the year/the time (и т.д.):


- Do you still remember the day (that) we first met?

- The last time (that) I saw her, she looked very well.

- I haven't seen them since the year (that) they got married.


(e) Вы можете сказать the reason why something

happens или the reason that something happens.

Вы также можете опустить why и that в этих



- The reason (why/that) I'm phoning you is to invite you to a party.

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