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Monday, 2019-10-21, 0:45 AM
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Tenses Unit 24


Unit 24

Have and have got

(a) Have и have got

Have got и has got чаще употребляют вместо

have и has. Поэтому можно сказать:

 

- I have got a brother. или: I have a brother.

- Tom has got many books. или: Tom has many books.

 

Для вопросительных и отрицательных предложений существуют три возможные формы:

 

Have you got a sister?

Have you a sister?

Do you have a sister?

I haven't got a sister.

I haven't a sister.

I don't have a sister.

Has he got a flat?

Has he a flat?

Does he have a flat?

He hasn't got a flat.

He hasn't a flat.

He doesn't have a flat.

 

В прошедшем времени (Past) got не используется.

 

- When I was a student I had a friend.

 

В отрицательных и вопросительных предложениях прошедшего времени употребляются did и didn't.

 

- Did you have a friend when you were a student?

- I liked to travel but I didn't have a car then.

 

(b) Have для обозначения действий.

Have используется для обозначения ряда

действий. Например:

 

have breakfast/lunch/dinner/a meal/a drink/

a cup of coffee/a cigarette и т.д.

have a swim/a walk/a rest/a holiday/ a party/

a good time и т.д.

have a bath/a shower/a wash

have a look (at something)

have a baby (= give birth to a baby)

have a chat (with someone)

 

В таких выражениях have не может быть заменен

на have got:

- I usually have breakfast at 8 o'clock. (а не 'have got')

- Last summer I had a good time.

Сравните:

- I have a bath every morning. (=я принял ванну-действие)

- I've got a bath. (=в моем доме есть ванна)

 

Вспомогательный глагол to do употребляется для образования вопросительных и отрицательных предложений.

 

- When do you usually have breakfast?

- I don't have breakfast so early.

- Did you have a good time last summer?

- I didn't have a good time last summer.

 

Когда have означает действие, можно использовать формы Continuous (is having/ are having/was having и т.д.):

 

- Where's Mike? He's having dinner.


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