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Monday, 2019-12-09, 7:06 PM
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Verb + infinitive Unit 54


Unit 54

Verb + infinitive

(a)

agree offer decide appear forget

refuse attempt plan seem learn (how)

promise manage arrange pretend dare

threaten fail hope afford tend

 

Если за этими глаголами следует еще один, то

обычно используется конструкция

глагол + to + инфинитив:

 

- As it was late, we decided to take a taxi home.

- I like George but I think he tends to talk too much.

- How old were you when you learnt to drive? ( или `learnt how to drive')

- They agreed to lend me some money when I told them the position I was in.

 

Обратите внимание на примеры с отрицанием

not to ...:

 

- We decided not to go out because of the weather.

- He pretended not to see me as he passed me in the street.

 

С другими важными глаголами (например, think и

suggest) нельзя использовать форму инфинитив:

 

- Are you thinking of buying a car? ( а не `thinking to buy')

- Tom suggested going to the cinema. (а не `suggested to go')

 

(b) Формы continuous infinitive (to be doing) и

perfect infinitive (to have done) обычно

используются после seem, appear и pretend:

 

- I pretended to be reading. (= I pretended that I was reading)

- You seem to have lost weight. (= it seems that you have lost weight)

 

(c) После dare можно использовать неопределенную

форму как с to, так и без:

 

 

- I wouldn't dare to ask him. или I wouldn't dare ask him.

 

Но после daren't Вы должны употребить

инфинитив без to:

 

- I daren't tell him what happened. ( а не `daren't to tell')

 

(d) После глаголов: ask decide know remember

forget explain understand можно ставить

вопросительное слово (what/where/how и т.д.)

+ to + инфинитив:

 

We asked how to get to the station.

Have you decided where to go for your holidays?

Tom explained (to me) how to change the wheel of the car.

I don't know whether to go to the party or not.

 

Также:

show/tell/ask someone (кому-либо) what/how/where

to do something (делать что-либо):

 

- Can someone show me how to change the film in this camera?

- Ask Jack. He'll tell you what to do.

 

О глаголах + инфинитив см. также Unit 55,Unit 56,Unit 57.


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