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No/none/any No/any + -one/-body/-thing/-where Unit 85

Unit 85

No/none/any No/any + -one/-body/-thing/-where


(a) No none no-one nobody nothing nowhere


- No-one (или Nobody) came to see the lonely child.

- No system of government is perfect.

- `Where are you going?' `Nowhere. I'm staying here.'

- None of this money is mine.

- `What will you do this evening?' `Nothing.'


частица not никогда не употребляется с этими словами,

так как они уже имеют отрицательное значение:


- I heard nothing. (но не `I didn't hear nothing.')

- Nobody does anything I say.


В середине или в конце предложения чаще всего

используется конструкция с отрицательным глаголом:

(not...any /anyone /anybody /anything /anywhere ) :


- I didn't feel anything (= I felt nothing.)

- We haven't got any money. (= We've got no money.)

- The house isn't anywhere near here. (= ... is nowhere near here)

- She didn't meet anyone on her way. (= She met no-one)


(b) No и none = not a или not any:


- We had to walk because we had no car. (= we didn't have a car)

- I can't explain it to you. I have no time. (= I haven't any time)

- There were no seats evailable. (= there weren't any seats)


None иногда может употребляться сам по себе

(без существительного):


- `How many brothers has he got?' `None.'


none of употребляется в следующих фпазах:


none of these shops none of my money none of it/us/you/them


После none of + слово во множественном числе

('none of the girls / none of them' и т.д.) может

употребляться глагол как в единственном числе,

так и во множественном.:


- None of the people I met there were friendly to me.


с После no-one /nobody часто используются

they /them /their :


- Nobody came, did they? (= он или она?)

- No-one in the class were ready with their homework.

(= его или ее домашняя работа)


(d) any /no могут быть использованы с прилагательными

в сравнительной степени (any better /no bigger и т.д.):


- Does she feel any better today? (= Does she feel better at all? -

спрашивают у кого-то, кто чувствовал себя плохо вчера)

- I've waited long enough. I'm not waiting any longer.

(=не минутой дольше)

- I expected his wife to be young but she is no younger than mine.

(= не моложе даже на чуть-чуть)


Об any смотрите также Unit 84.

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